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EU Biodiversity Strategy

The EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020 (adopted in 2011) aims to halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU and help stop global biodiversity loss by 2020. It reflects the commitments taken by the EU, within the international Convention on Biological Diversity.

The paper describes the extent of the biodiversity crisis and the status of biodiversity in the EU and globally, and highlights the main drivers of biodiversity loss and its implications for the environment, the economy and for society as a whole. It outlines the main achievements and shortcomings of the current policy and makes the link to the international negotiations.

The strategy sets out six targets and 20 actions to halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services (read the Strategy).

Protect species and habitats - Target 1
By 2020, the assessments of species and habitats protected by EU nature law show better conservation or a secure status for 100 % more habitats and 50 % more species.

Maintain and restore ecosystems - Target 2
By 2020, ecosystems and their services are maintained and enhanced by establishing green infrastructure and restoring at least 15 % of degraded ecosystems.

Achieve more sustainable agriculture and forestry - Target 3
By 2020, the conservation of species and habitats depending on or affected by agriculture and forestry, and the provision of their ecosystem services show measurable improvements

Make fishing more sustainable and seas healthier - Target 4
By 2015, fishing is sustainable. By 2020, fish stocks are healthy and European seas healthier. Fishing has no significant adverse impacts on species and ecosystems.

Combat invasive alien species - Target 5
By 2020, invasive alien species are identified, priority species controlled or eradicated, and pathways managed to prevent new invasive species from disrupting European biodiversity.

Help stop the loss of global biodiversity - Target 6
By 2020, the EU has stepped up its contribution to avert global biodiversity loss.

Privet Hawkmoth caterpillar - Credit Natural England Allan Drewitt
Privet Hawkmoth caterpillar - Credit Natural England Allan Drewitt