Although originally used in industrial and commercial project management, the Project Management Cycle approach is equally suitable for the elaboration and implementation of management plans for protected areas. The project management cycle offers a step-by-step approach from analysing the current situation through a site description that includes biological features, ownership and socio-economic features, evaluation, vision and objectives (including strategy development), action planning, monitoring and a plan review. Monitoring is at the heart of the project management cycle to ensure that the planned implementation activities support the realisation of the chosen objectives. The use of the Project Cycle is especially useful in view of the Adaptive Management Approach which is recommended as the operating principle for protected area management. Flexibility in management planning is essential to ensure there is room to adapt to the outcomes of the monitoring.
Read more about the principles of adaptive management and the project cycle.